A colorful aquarium with multiple varieties of goldfish - from comets to fantails - swimming in harmony

14 Types Of Goldfish: From Comets To Fantails

Are you looking to add some stunning aquatic life to your home? Look no further than goldfish!

From comets to fantails, there are 14 types of goldfish that you can choose from. Each type has its own unique appearance, size, and behavior.

Learn more about each variety to find the perfect fit for you!

Key Takeaways

  • There are beginner-friendly goldfish breeds like Common Goldfish, Comet Goldfish, Wakin Goldfish, and Shubunkin Goldfish that are hardy and can live up to 10 years or more.
  • Jikin Goldfish, Celestial Eye Goldfish, and Telescope Eye Goldfish have unique physical characteristics and require a high-quality diet and clean environment to live up to 14 years.
  • Goldfish exhibit different swimming styles, and understanding their unique swimming style can indicate their well-being.
  • Oranda Goldfish and Ranchu Goldfish have distinct features and require a spacious tank, proper filtration, and a protein-rich diet to thrive.

Common Goldfish

You may be most familiar with the common goldfish. They are an ideal choice for beginner hobbyists because they are a hardy breed. They need a tank with ample space and a good filtration system because they are a cool-water species. Their feeding habits include a diet of flakes, pellets, and live food. Goldfish are active and will happily swim around the tank, adding a splash of color to your home. With proper care, they can live up to 10 years or more.

Comet Goldfish

You may be familiar with the Comet Goldfish: a small, vibrant fish with a golden orange hue and a tail that streams behind it like a comet. These popular fish are known for their hardy nature and easy care requirements.

Comet Goldfish vary in size with a range of three to five inches in length. They are also distinguished by their deeply-colored finnage and wide, spread-out tails.


Different goldfish varieties vary in coloration. Some are solid-colored while others may have egg-shaped patterns, black and white stripes, or speckles. Comet goldfish, for example, are usually solid orange or white, though some have orange and white mottling. Variations in color can occur depending on the variety of comet goldfish you have. They may also have a few scales of different color, such as yellow or blue.

To keep your comet goldfish healthy, be sure to provide them with a well-maintained tank and appropriate diet. Doing so will ensure they look their best and continue to bring joy to your aquarium.


Comet goldfish typically reach a maximum size of 2-3 inches, though some may grow larger. Breeding habits and tank maintenance are important components of their care, as size can be significantly impacted by these factors. You can expect them to grow to a larger size in a larger tank with the proper diet and filtration.

Fantail goldfish, on the other hand, usually max out at around 4-6 inches. They tend to have more robust appetites and require more frequent tank maintenance to keep them in good health. With the right care, they can live up to 10 years or more.

Wakin Goldfish

Wakin Goldfish are a medium-sized fish with a slender, streamlined body shape and a long, flowing double tail. Feeding them a variety of foods helps keep them healthy.

Tank conditions should be kept clean and include plenty of hiding spots. They’re active swimmers and may require a larger tank than other breeds.

They’re a great choice to build a community tank and will thrive when provided with love and care.

Shubunkin Goldfish

Shubunkin goldfish are a type of goldfish that feature distinct and beautiful coloration variations. They come in a variety of colors, ranging from shades of blue and black to white and yellow, and can grow up to 8 inches in size.

These fish can also live a relatively long lifespan, typically up to 10 years with proper care.

Coloration Variations

You’ll notice that different types of goldfish have variations in coloration, from the bright orange comet to the calico fantail.

Shubunkin goldfish have a unique body patterning, with their scales often featuring multiple colors, including black, blue, and white.

The intensity of their coloration depends on the water temperature, which can affect the vibrancy of the fish’s colors.

It’s important to maintain a steady temperature for your Shubunkin goldfish in order to ensure its health and beauty.

Size Differences

Different varieties of goldfish come in different sizes, ranging from small to large. Feeding habits, water temperature, and other factors can influence the size of the fish. Goldfish can grow as large as 10 inches, but most stay between 2 to 6 inches.

Some small species, like the Celestial Eye Goldfish, stay at a manageable size of 2 to 3 inches. Keeping the water temperature between 65-72 degrees Fahrenheit is important for keeping a healthy and comfortable environment for your fish.

With proper care, you can keep your goldfish healthy and happy in your aquarium.

Lifespan Range

Typically, goldfish can live for 10 to 15 years, though some have been known to live up to 25 years with proper care. Breeding patterns and feeding habits are important factors in maintaining a goldfish’s lifespan.

Regular checkups and preventive care are essential to keeping goldfish healthy. Providing a well-maintained environment and the right diet will help ensure your goldfish lives a long life.

Additionally, frequent water changes and proper filtration will help keep your goldfish healthy and extend its lifespan. With the right care, you can enjoy years of smiles from your goldfish companion.

Jikin Goldfish

The Jikin Goldfish is known for its unique, V-shaped tail. It’s a peaceful fish that can help de-stress and bring peace to your aquarium.

It’ll need a high-quality diet of vegetables and proteins to stay healthy and active. Jikin Goldfish should be fed two or three times a day in portions they can consume in two minutes.

They will thrive in a clean, oxygen-rich environment. With proper care, Jikin Goldfish can live up to 14 years.

Ryukin Goldfish

Ryukin Goldfish have a characteristic hump on their back that sets them apart from other varieties. They have a compact body type with a thick tail fin and a large, fan-shaped caudal fin.

Feeding them is easy, as they’re omnivorous and will eat any type of food. They also need plenty of space, so a larger tank is recommended.

Ryukin Goldfish are peaceful and can do well in a tank with other goldfish varieties. They are a great choice for beginners who want a beautiful and hardy fish.

Lionhead Goldfish

You’ll love the look of Lionhead Goldfish, with their characteristic ‘hood’ of fleshy growths around their heads. These fish are generally easy to care for, but require a healthy diet and water temperature between 65-75°F.

Feeding habits should include a balance of high-quality flakes, pellets, and live/frozen foods. Lionhead Goldfish are the perfect companion for any aquarist looking for an unusual fish with a unique appearance.

Bubble Eye Goldfish

Bubble Eye Goldfish are a unique type of goldfish that are easily distinguishable by their curved eyelids. They require special care to maintain their health, including frequent water changes and a diet of high-quality food.

Their unique swimming style, due to the weight of their protruding eyes, requires a larger tank in order to swim comfortably.

Curved-Eyelid Appearance

You’d recognize a Ryukin goldfish for its curved-eyelid appearance. It’s a long-bodied breed, with a high dorsal fin and unique, pointed head.

Ryukins need to be fed a balanced diet and kept in an aquarium of at least 20 gallons. To keep the tank clean, change the water weekly and use a good filter.

They can be kept in groups of other goldfish, as long as there is enough space for all. Be sure to feed them in moderation to avoid overfeeding.

With the right setup, Ryukins can be a joy to observe in the aquarium.

Special Care Requirements

When it comes to goldfish, some species may require special care. Breeding needs and water temperature are both important considerations.

For example, fantails may need water temperatures of 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, comets may need higher temperatures of 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit.

Additionally, goldfish can be sensitive to ammonia and nitrate, so regular water changes and testing are important. Proper care helps ensure they stay healthy and happy.

Unique Swimming Style

Goldfish have a unique swimming style with many species exhibiting a characteristic ‘wiggle.’ Their feeding habits and tank requirements are important to consider if you want to create the best environment for them.

Goldfish will typically show an upright position when swimming, and some species, like fantails, have a distinct tail-wagging pattern. Other species, such as comets, are known for their fast-paced swimming.

There is no ‘right’ way for goldfish to swim, but understanding their unique style will help you ensure they are happy and healthy in their environment.

Celestial Eye Goldfish

The Celestial Eye Goldfish is easily identifiable by its large eyes and two long fins. Its feeding habits are easy to accommodate and require tank maintenance to prevent overcrowding.

It’s a great addition to any aquarium, as its unique swimming style and friendly demeanor will bring joy and peace to its environment. Provide your Celestial Eye with a balanced diet and regular water changes to ensure its health and happiness.

With proper care, its beauty and grace will light up your home!

Telescope Eye Goldfish

Moving on from Celestial Eye Goldfish, Telescope Eye Goldfish are a popular species with a unique physical characteristic. They are recognized by the large, bulging eyes that protrude from their heads.

Telescope Eye Goldfish require special feeding habits and tank setup, so make sure you do your research before you bring one home.

They are a friendly, sociable species with a peaceful demeanor that makes them a great addition to any aquarium.

Oranda Goldfish

Orandas Goldfish are beloved for their ‘hoods’, or headgrowth, that gives them the appearance of a ‘crowned prince’.

They require a spacious tank with plenty of swimming room and a reliable filtration system.

While they are omnivores, their diet should include a variety of protein-rich foods, such as brine shrimp or daphnia.

Additionally, they need plenty of hiding spots and hiding places, like caves and plants, to feel safe and secure.

With the right tank setup and dietary needs, Orandas can be a fantastic addition to any aquarium.

Ranchu Goldfish

You may be familiar with the Oranda Goldfish, but have you heard of the Ranchu? They are a popular breed of goldfish, often bred according to strict standards.

Their tank setup should be carefully considered, as Ranchus are not as hardy as other goldfish and require more specific care. With the right setup, though, they are sure to bring enjoyment to any aquarist.

Veiltail Goldfish

Veiltail Goldfish are a type of fancy goldfish known for their unique, flowing tail fin. They have an elegant coloring pattern of mostly white with a few hints of orange and red, and their tail fins are long, curved, and often double-lobed.

Their striking appearance makes them a popular choice for goldfish enthusiasts, and they make a beautiful addition to any aquarium.

Coloring Patterns

Different goldfish breeds often boast unique coloring patterns. For example, comet goldfish have metallic scales, while orandas have red-and-white patches. Veiltail goldfish, in particular, are known for their long, flowing fins and a wide array of colors. Their coloration can be influenced by breeding patterns and habitat requirements. They can display solid shades or attractive combinations of yellow, grey, and white. Veiltail goldfish can make a beautiful addition to any tank. Their unique coloring is sure to captivate any observer.

Fin Shapes

Veiltail goldfish are renowned for their distinctively long, flowing fins which come in a variety of shapes. Monitor fin anatomy closely to ensure their health.

Fantail goldfish feature short, round fins, while the fins of common goldfish are long and thin.

The Ryukin goldfish has a distinctively high dorsal fin and short, rounded tail.

The Pearlscale goldfish has a rounded body with a short, deep tail fin.

Lastly, the Celestial goldfish has an egg-shaped body and short, rounded fins.

Pay close attention to their fin health to ensure they stay healthy and happy.

Fantail Goldfish

You’ll find that fantail goldfish have an elongated, fan-shaped tail that distinguishes them from other types of goldfish. They are an ideal choice for aquarists who want an active and beautiful fish that can thrive in most tanks.

Fantails require proper feeding habits and tank requirements to stay healthy. They also have a longer lifespan than other types of goldfish, making them an excellent choice for those who want to enjoy their fish for many years.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do I Know Which Type of Goldfish Is Best for My Tank?

To determine the best type of goldfish for your tank, consider tank size, water quality, and goldfish compatibility. Ask your local pet store for advice and research the types available. Make sure the goldfish you choose is suited to your tank size and water quality, and is compatible with any other fish you may already own.

How Much Space Do Goldfish Need to Be Comfortable?

For optimal fish health, your tank size should be at least 20 gallons for a single goldfish. Providing more space will ensure your fish remain comfortable and healthy.

How Often Should I Feed My Goldfish?

Feed your goldfish two to three times daily, in small quantities. Monitor their eating habits and adjust the amount of food accordingly. Make sure not to overfeed them, as it can cause health issues.

How Can I Tell if My Goldfish Is Sick?

If you recognize any changes in your goldfish’s behavior, diet, or appearance, it’s important to take preventative care and seek medical help. Look out for signs such as an increase in lethargy, loss of appetite, or discoloration. These may be signs of illness.

What Is the Average Lifespan of a Goldfish?

The average lifespan of a goldfish is around 10 years, but can be longer if they are well cared for and kept in the proper water temperature. Breeding age is usually around 2-3 years. Take good care of your goldfish and it can be a part of your family for a long time!


So, there you have it—14 unique and fascinating types of goldfish, from the common goldfish to the fantail goldfish. Whether you’re looking for a pet, a showstopper, or something to add a splash of color to your aquarium, there’s a goldfish for you.

With a little research and the right care, you can find the perfect goldfish for you and your family. So, why not take the plunge and give one of these beautiful creatures a home?



Meet me, your dedicated author and fish aficionado. With a deep-rooted passion for all things aquatic, I bring a wealth of knowledge, experience, and enthusiasm to this fish and aquarium website. As an avid fishkeeper myself, I understand the joys and challenges that come with creating a thriving underwater world. Through my articles, guides, and recommendations, I strive to provide you with accurate, reliable, and engaging content that will enhance your fishkeeping journey. Join me as we dive into the fascinating realm of fish and aquariums, and together, let's make your aquatic dreams a reality.

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